Flora & Fauna of Monte Baldo

Points of Interest
35 km of rock of calcareous formation, run, on one side, parallel to the gully of Val d’Adige and precipitate, on the other side, into Lake Garda. In the veronese stretch, almost aligned, emerge the summits of Punta Naole (1.660 m), Costabella (2.062 m) and Telegrafo (2.199 m). In Trentino, on the other hand, the summit of Valdritta (2.219 m) and mount Altissimo di Nago (2.078 m). The variety stands out right from the panorama of the rocks, which goes from basalt to the volcanic tuffs, maybe testimony to the eruptive activity of the dolomites, to the calcareous marmosets, to the marlstones of the second and third era, to the limestone rich with fossils, to the different coloured earth. Baldo Veronese, with high peaks of a media of 2.000-2.200 m, has become famous and has been celebrated since the year 400 as “Hortus Europae” (botanic garden of Europe).
 
But how do we explain this “paradise” of flora e fauna? Most certainly from the climate changes that follow one another to the millennium: right from the glacial era, the most diverse inflammatory species have found on Baldo the most suitable conditions, and therefore, refuge. From here the birth of the most particular endemism. Likewise, the location became, since centuries ago, a paradise for the first botanists, who discovered on Baldo species otherwise unknown (this is why twenty or so flowers are specified Baldense).
 
During flowering, most spectacular are those of King’s spear, Peony officinalis, Anemone alpine and baldensis and of the Primula spectabilis. As regards to the wood species, the secular beech trees are indicated in the Prada area. The diverse micro ambient has also been a calling for a variety of the faunal species. The eagle and other birds of prey, the imperial crow, the forked roosters, the woodpeckers and amongst the mammals, the roe, deer, uring and the marmot, have all found here their own habitat.